Action Plan

Recommendation of Action Plan to Achieve Gender Equality in Indonesian Cinema

Executive Summary

This is a set of recommendation of action plan for achieving gender equality in Indonesian cinema as a respond to a gender-disaggregated data research on Indonesian cinema commissioned by UNESCO to KAFEIN. The gender-disaggregated data research shows that there are gender disparities in Indonesian cinema. This recommendation is formulated using the method ‘theory of change’ and ‘stakeholders analysis’, conducted by 4 members of KAFEIN core team based on the preliminary research from the virtual conference “Women in Indonesian Film and Cinema” ( with further discussion through two online FGDs, one with several members of the Indonesian Film Board and one with Indonesian film school lecturers. Activities was conducted with Indonesian language. This document is the draft of recommendation for public consultation that will be held from 21-27 September 2020.

The main objective is formulated as “achieving gender equality in Indonesian cinema” and we divided it into 3 goals because of the complexity of the issue. To obtain each goals, we recommend several actions, outcomes and identify a key stakeholder that can potentially lead the proposed activities. The assumption behind the formulation of each goals is also explained. There are ten actions in total for the recommended action plan.

The first goal is to improve the working condition of Indonesian film production and activities to make it ideal, safe and inclusive for all genders including those from marginalized groups because bad working condition has hindered women and other marginalized group from working in cinema. For this goal we recommend to develop a guidelines of best practice for film labor practice through a multi-stakeholder process, to engage with professional associations to make them agree for coordinated effort, and creating a support group for the survivors of sexual harassment in Indonesian cinema.

The second goal is to encourage the participation of marginalized gender and other marginalized groups in Indonesian film production and activities by providing incentives and creating new spaces for them to learn and produce work in order to balance out disparity. We recommend that the gender-disaggregated data to be expanded to include more intersectional data, maintained, updated regularly, and publicized to keep any disparities visible for advocacy or policy adjustment. Then we also recommend for more collaboration workshop between established filmmakers with new filmmakers from marginalized groups as well as creating events to showcase their works by using various platforms including digital platform that has open a huge opportunity for showcasing work.

The third goal is to bring gender perspective in film making because having balanced representation does not guarantee that film content will be gender sensitive and diverse. We recommend to advocate for the funding of films by public funding includes gender perspective in its consideration. We also recommend to start transforming film education by first creating a guidelines on how to achieve gender responsive curriculum and environment in film programs. Other than that, we recommend to increase more awareness by conducting gender training for film stakeholders and creating a catalog for Indonesian film reviews related to its gender sensitivity and diversity.

We have conducted a stakeholder analysis to define an engagement strategy to make this recommendation of action plan to be implemented. Our analysis shows that the Indonesian Film Board (Badan Perfilman Indonesia – BPI) would be the main key player that can move this recommendation along because of its authority, representation and network. While associations such as professional association (Asosiasi Profesi – ASPROFI), film programs associations (Asosiasi Prodi Film dan TV – PROSFISI) as well as film scholars association (Asosiasi Pengkaji Film – KAFEIN) can be involved in conducting many of the activities if there are funding support from donors or government. Therefore, donors is also an important key player in this action plan.

Government organizations that related to the action such as the Ministry of Education and Culture, Ministry of Manpower, Commission X and Commission VIII from the People’s Representative Council as well as provincial government are stakeholders that needs to be informed, advocated and involved in the activities. A communication line has to be open to subjects of this action plan which are the women film workers, sexual harassment survivors, film lecturers, film students, film workers. They need to able to communicate their input and grievances and they also need to receive responses to their input. Indonesian film audience need to be engaged strategically by informing them of the general issues, progress and milestones through mass media or social media.

We invite stakeholders to provide their input and/or support to this recommendation through our e-mail